International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance (2022)

Prior to submission, please carefully read and follow the submission guidelines detailed below. Authors must submit their manuscripts through the journal’s ScholarOne online submission system. To submit, click the button below:

International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance (1)

The Journals Division at Human Kinetics adheres to the criteria for authorship as outlined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors*:

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Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to:

a. Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
b. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
c. Final approval of the version to be published; AND
d. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Conditions a, b, c, and d must all be met. Individuals who do not meet the above criteria may be listed in the acknowledgments section of the manuscript. *

Human Kinetics is pleased to allow our authors the option of having their articles published Open Access. In order for an article to be published Open Access, authors must complete and return the Request for Open Access form and provide payment for this option. To learn more and request Open Access, click here.

As of June 2020, the International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance (IJSPP) requires a nonrefundable submission fee of US $40 for Original Investigation and Brief Report articles. The fee is collected through the journal's ScholarOne site.


All manuscripts must be written in English, typed single-spaced in Times New Roman size 12 font with wide margins, and include an abstract of no more than 250 words. Please activate continuous line numbering. Clearly label any figures and submit them as separate files (Word documents, PDFs, Excel files, JPGs, TIFFs, etc). Number all pages in this order: title page (page 1), abstract, text, acknowledgments (if any), references, figure captions, tables. Authors who speak English as an additional language should seek the assistance of a colleague experienced in writing for English-language scientific journals. Carefully proofread the final revision and keep a copy of the manuscript. Do not submit the manuscript to another journal at the same time.

All submissions must be accompanied by a cover letter including the following information:

1. A statement indicating that the manuscript has been read and approved by all the listed co-authors and meets the requirements of co-authorship as specified in the Authorship Guidelines (above).
2. A statement that prior written permission has been obtained for reproduction of previously published material (where appropriate).
3. A statement detailing any potential conflicts of interest (where appropriate).

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Manuscripts should be written in first person using the active voice. Writing should be concise and direct. Avoid using unnecessary jargon and abbreviations, but use an acronym or abbreviation if it is more commonly recognized than the spelled-out version of a term. Formats of numbers and units and all other style matters should follow the AMA Manual of Style, 10th edition. Measurements of length, height, mass, and volume should be reported in metric units (m, kg). Only standard physiological abbreviations should be used because nonstandard abbreviations are unnecessary and confusing. Avoid abbreviations in the title. The full wording should precede the first use of an abbreviation.

Peer Review

Manuscripts that do not fall within the scope and mission statement of the journal or fail to comply with the submission guidelines will not enter the formal review process. The corresponding author is required to nominate 3 potential reviewers for the manuscript with suitable expertise in the area addressed by the manuscript. The journal is under no obligation to use any of the nominated reviewers. The corresponding author can also identify up to 3 potential reviewers who might have a potential conflict of interest with the content of the submitted manuscript and/or with one or more of the manuscript co-authors. Manuscripts will be read by the editor, associate editor, and 2 reviewers through a single-blinded review process in which the reviewer’s identity is concealed from the submitting authors. In contrast, peer reviewers will have access to all the metadata associated with a submitted manuscript, including the authors’ names and affiliations. This process will take 4 to 8 weeks.

Conflict of Interest

Authors must identify potential conflicts of interest in the areas of financial, institutional, and/or personal relationships that might inappropriately influence their actions or statements. Financial relationships that could form a potential conflict of interest include employment, consultancy, honoraria, and other payments. Personal conflict of interest can relate to personal relationships, academic or sporting competition, and intellectual passion. Authors must disclose potential conflicts of interest to the subjects in the study being reported and state this explicitly in the Methods section of the manuscript. Disclosure of conflict of interest applies to all submissions to IJSPP, including original articles, reviews, invited commentaries, and other features.

Authors must state explicitly whether potential conflicts of interest exist. In instances where the study has been funded by a third party with a proprietary or financial interest in the outcomes, the corresponding author should include the following statement in the cover letter accompanying submission: “I had full access to all of the data in this study and take full responsibility for their integrity and analysis.” The following statement should be included with the published manuscript in the Acknowledgments section: “The results of the current study do not constitute endorsement of the product by the authors or the journal.” The name of any funding agency or company, manufacturer, or third-party institution or organization that provided funding, equipment, or technical support should be stated.

Article Types

IJSPP features the following article types:

Original Investigation

Traditional investigative articles encompassing experimental or observational research, limited to 3500 words and 30 references. Only studies involving human subjects will be published. As the mission of IJSPP is to advance the knowledge of sport and exercise physiologists, sport scientists, sport physicians, and sport-performance researchers, authors need to clearly identify the athletic level and background of subjects and make some statement on the transferability of the outcomes to other athletic cohorts and/or other sports.

Brief Report

A shorter article encompassing experimental or observational research, a case study, or a detailed technical/analytical report of interest to practitioners, researchers, or coaches, limited to 1500 words, 3 tables or figures, and 12 references. Case studies should describe a single case or a small case series of physiological and/or performance aspects of a highly trained athlete, team, event, or competition. A case study is appropriate when a phenomenon is interesting, novel, or unusual but logistically difficult to study with a sample. The case can exemplify identification, diagnosis, treatment, measurement, or analysis.

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Letter to the Editor

Limited to 400 words and 6 references. Readers wishing to submit commentary or intellectual debate on published articles can do so in the Letters to the Editor section within 6 months of the appearance of the original article. Letters must declare any conflicts of interest. Authors of the original article will be given the opportunity to respond in the same issue of the journal as the letter.When submitting your letter, please use the title “Comment on [Author/Author et al]” or “Response to [Author/Author et al],” adding a subtitle if you wish. Published correspondence might be edited for length and style with approval of editorial changes by the author.

The following features are by invitation only from the editor:

Brief Review

A concise and insightful review of literature, limited to 4500 words and 50 references. The abstract should at least include the following headings: Purpose, Conclusions. The Brief Review should contain a separate Practical Applications and Conclusions section.

Invited Commentary

Examining a topic relevant to the research and/or practical aspects of sport physiology and sport performance, limited to 2000 words. The abstract should at least include the following headings: Purpose, Conclusions. The Invited Commentary should contain a separate Practical Applications and Conclusions section.


Title Page

The title page should contain the following information:

1. Title of the article. The title should accurately reflect the content of the manuscript and be limited to 25 words in length. Authors should include specific and sensitive wording appropriate for electronic retrieval.
2. Submission type. Original Investigation, Technical Report, Case Study, or Letter to the Editor.
3. Full names of the authors and institutional/corporate affiliations. Do not list academic degrees. Names should be listed as First name Middle initial. Surname (eg, John A. Citizen [or, if appropriate, J. Andrew Citizen]).
4. Contact details for the corresponding author. The name, institution, mail address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
5. Preferred running head. Limited to 40 characters in length, including spaces.
6. Abstract word count. Limited to 250 words.
7. Text-only word count. The total word count for the text only (excluding the abstract, acknowledgments, figure captions, and references) (limited to 3500 words).
8. Number of figures and tables.

Parts and Order of the Manuscript

Original Research articles and Brief Reports should include the following elements, in order: Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Practical Applications, Conclusions, Acknowledgments (where needed), References, and figure captions, and tables (if any).

Abstract. Abstracts must be limited to 250 words or fewer and accurately reflect the content of the manuscript. For reports of original data, include the following headings: Purpose, Methods, Results, and Conclusions. The abstract should provide the context or background for the study and the appropriate details under the specified headings. The results should state the magnitude of effects, precision of estimation, and/or statistical significance. The conclusions should emphasize the practical application of the main findings and not simply restate the results. A list of 5 keywords or phrases, not repeating wording used in the title, should follow the abstract to assist in indexing and cross-referencing of the article.

Introduction. The Introduction should provide a succinct statement of the context or background of the study. The justification, practical importance of the study, and specific purpose or research objective should be clearly stated. Secondary objectives can also be presented. The purpose stated as a research question or objective is preferable to an explicit hypothesis. Only pertinent references should be cited, and data or conclusions from the work being reported should not be presented here.

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Methods. The Methods section should be limited to material available at the time of the study design, whereas information obtained during the study should appear in the Results section. The Methods section should include a description of the design, subject information (including a statement that institutional review board approval was granted, in the spirit of the Helsinki Declaration), interventions, outcome measures, and statistical analyses.

  • Subjects—The study subjects or participants should be described in terms of number, age, and sex. All investigations with human subjects should conform to the Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki).
  • Design—The experimental approach should be clearly stated (eg, randomized controlled study, case study, observational research), as well as the incorporation of control subjects, if appropriate.
  • Methodology—The methodology, including facilities, equipment, instruments, and procedures, should be presented with sufficient detail to permit an independent researcher to repeat the study. References should be cited for established methods. Sufficient explanatory detail should be provided for new or unconventional methods.
  • Statistical Analysis—Authors are encouraged to consult a statistician in the planning and analysis phases of the study. The experimental design and statistical methods should be clearly detailed. Sample variability should be reported with standard deviation and uncertainty (or precision) of estimates indicated using confidence limits or intervals. Magnitudes of effects can be shown and interpreted with established criteria. Reporting the clinical or practical significance in a sport setting will help readers determine the real-world value or application of the main findings. Precise P values should be shown, as indirect indications such as P < .05 or P = NS are unacceptable and difficult for other researchers undertaking meta-analyses. Results should be reported so the number of digits is scientifically relevant. Standard and nonstandard statistical terms, abbreviations, and symbols should be defined and details of computer software provided.

Results. The results should be presented in a logical sequence, giving the most important findings first and addressing the stated objectives. Do not duplicate results between the text and the figures or tables. Use graphs to summarize large amounts of information, and avoid creating large tables of numeric data. Avoid inappropriate use of statistical terms such as random, significant, normal, sample, and population.

Discussion. Authors should emphasize new and important findings of the study and the practical applications and conclusions that follow from them. Material from the Results section should not be repeated, nor new material introduced. The relevance of the findings in the context of existing literature or contemporary practice should be addressed.

Practical Applications. The Practical Applications section is an important feature of manuscripts published in IJSPP. Authors should summarize how the findings could be useful for coaches and athletes and/or other researchers in sport physiology and sport performance. The study’s limitations and generalizability should also be addressed and, where necessary, recommendations made for future research.

Conclusions. Only include conclusions supported by the study findings.

Acknowledgments. List individuals making a limited contribution to the study, with their institutional affiliations and a brief statement of their involvement. These might include individuals who provided technical assistance, expert opinion, access to facilities and equipment, manuscript review, and/or coaches and athletes (subjects) involved in the study. Acknowledge any financial and material support, providing specific details of research grants if appropriate. All individuals cited in the acknowledgments should be advised of their inclusion before submission, because their appearance in this section can be inferred as endorsement of study findings and applications.

References. Designate each citation in the text by a superscripted numeral, and provide full and accurate information in the reference list. Limit references to published works or papers that have been accepted for publication; usually this can be achieved with fewer than 30 references, although review papers might have more extensive reference lists. Order the reference list in the order the works are first cited, numbered serially, with no repeated entries in the list. Entries in the reference list should follow the latest edition of the AMA Manual of Style. Examples of the main types of publications follow:

  • Journal articles—Cordova ML, Jutte LS, Hopkins JT. EMG comparison of selected ankle rehabilitation exercises. J Sport Rehabil. 1999;8:209–218.
  • Book references—Pearl AJ. The Female Athlete. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 1993.
  • Chapter in an edited book—Perrin DH. The evaluation process in rehabilitation. In: Prentice WE, ed. Rehabilitation Techniques in Sports Medicine. 2nd ed. St Louis, MO: Mosby Year Book; 1994:253–276.

Figures and Tables. Provide each figure and table with a brief caption or title that defines all abbreviations used within it. Figures and tables must be numbered and called out in the text in consecutive numerical order. Figures should be in JPG or TIF format and no larger than approximately 19.5 cm (7.5 in.) by 23.5 cm (9.5 in.), which is the size of the print area on a single journal page, with all labels then legible at that size. Figures should be professional in appearance and have clean, crisp lines. Hand drawing and hand lettering are not acceptable. Although our online articles support color figures, bear in mind that the journal prints in black and white, and most color PDFs will be printed in black and white. Make sure that any color figures submitted will be interpretable in grayscale/black and white. Photographic images should be at a resolution of 300 dots per inch (dpi) for full-size photos and 600 dpi for line art. Figure captions must be listed separately, on a page by themselves; however, each figure must be clearly identified (numbered), preferably as part of its filename. Authors are urged to submit illustrations rather than tables. When tabular material is necessary, it should not duplicate the text. Tables must be prepared using Microsoft Word’s table-building functions. Tables should be single-spaced, include brief titles, and be uploaded as separate files. Explanatory notes should be shown in footnotes below the table. Authors wishing to reproduce previously published material should obtain prior written permission to reprint from the copyright holder(s) of the figure or table. The phrase "used by permission" should appear in the caption of the figure or table.

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Authors of manuscripts accepted for publication will be required to transfer copyright to Human Kinetics, Inc. This transfer of copyright form will be provided to authors.


Is 6 hours of sleep enough for an athlete? ›

How much sleep do athletes need? Pro athletes typically need more than most—it's recommended that they get 8-10 hours every night. But for the average adult, aim for seven to nine hours of sleep a night to avoid the effects of chronic sleep deprivation.

How many hours of sleep do elite athletes need? ›

The primary findings of this study are (1) athletes need 8.3 hours of sleep to feel rested, (2) athletes typically obtain 6.7 hours of sleep, (3) the most sleep is obtained by athletes who fall asleep between 22:00 and 22:30 hours (7.2 h) or wake up between 09:00 and 09:30 hours (7.6 h), (4) athletes involved in team ...

How much sleep do professional athletes need? ›

Roger Federer and LeBron James have said they sleep an average of 12 hours per day, compared to about 7 hours for the average American. Usain Bolt, Venus Williams, Maria Sharapova and Steve Nash sleep up to 10 hours per day. Most NBA players take naps every game day, sometimes for as long as 3 hours.

How many hours a day does an athlete train? ›

A typical pro athlete would train around 5-6 hours a day 6 days a week. This might not seem like a lot of hours but the intensity of training is ridiculous. In fact, without sounding pompous, an average fit individual would struggle to make it through one of our warm-ups.

Are athletes good in bed? ›

Strength and motivation factor into better sex performance by athletes because they are both driving forces that will increase the intensity in the bedroom. Strength allows for faster movement and physical ability while motivation will encourage not only the athlete, but also you, to keep going strong.

How much sleep do 17 year old athletes need? ›

Our guidelines state that adolescents should be getting between eight and 10 hours of sleep every night. For student athletes in particular, research suggests it's better to get at least nine4 or 105 hours.

What is the longest someone has slept for? ›

Hypnotist Peter Powers holds the record for the longest time asleep. He put himself to sleep for straight eight days (188 hours) under hypnosis.

Which sleep position is best? ›

Specifically, sleeping on the side or back is considered more beneficial than sleeping on the stomach. In either of these sleep positions, it's easier to keep your spine supported and balanced, which relieves pressure on the spinal tissues and enables your muscles to relax and recover.

Do naps count as sleep? ›

Using naps to “top up” on sleep can be an effective means of increasing total sleep in a 24-hour period and has proven benefits for performance, efficiency, mood, and alertness, and can reduce fatigue and accidents.

Is 7 hours of sleep enough? ›

But there's some good news — you may only need 7 hours of it. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) and the Sleep Research Society (SRS) have issued a new recommendation, saying seven is the magic sleep number for most healthy adults.

How much water should an athlete drink a day? ›

On average, female athletes should consume about 16oz water bottles (~8.25) representing 4.0 liters for women. Male athletes should consume about 16oz water bottles (~11.7) representing 5.7 liters for men. Notably, most of us (athletes and non-athletes) would have a hard time drinking this much water every day.

Is 7 hours of sleep good for an athlete? ›

How Much Sleep Do Athletes Need? Most people need about 7 to 9 hours of sleep a night. If you're an athlete in training, you may need more. "Just as athletes need more calories than most people when they're in training, they need more sleep, too," Geier says.

How hard do Olympic athletes train? ›

Olympic weightlifters may train four to eight times a week, each session lasting around 2 hours, along with any recovery work outside of weightlifting, says Meagan Nielsen, a board-certified specialist in sports dietetics and team dietitian for USA Weightlifting.

Can I train 3 times a day? ›

Healthy exercise is really about finding the balance that works for you. The best fitness plan is one you can stick to. You may work out three times a day, but keep the workouts relatively brief and moderately intense. Three very intense workouts a day is generally too much and can lead to a host of health problems.

How do you eat like an athlete? ›

Make sure you get high-performance carbohydrates, proteins, fats, fruits, veggies and dairy (if tolerated) every day. Try to get as many food groups as possible at every meal and snack. Keeping properly hydrated is essential to performance. Your body cannot function at peak level if you are low on fluids.

What time should a 14 year old go to bed for school? ›

For teenagers, Kelley says that, generally speaking, 13- to 16-year-olds should be in bed by 11.30pm. However, our school system needs a radical overhaul to work with teenagers' biological clocks. “If you're 13 to 15 you should be in school at 10am, so that means you're waking up at 8am.

What time should a 17 year old go to bed? ›

Make a Set Bedtime

Make sure your teen knows that you expect them to be in bed by 9:30 p.m. with the lights out by 10:00, or whatever times allow for the right amount of sleep.

What is the world record for no sleep? ›

Going without sleep for 264 hours, exactly 11 days - long enough to break a world record.

Who is the sleepiest person in the world? ›

Randy Gardner currently holds the official scientific record for longest sleep deprivation. In 1964, he kept awake for 264 consecutive hours (11 days) without the use of any stimulants.

What's the longest a person has gone without sleep? ›

The longest time a human being has gone without sleep is 11 days and 25 minutes. The world record was set by … American 17-year-old Randy Gardner in 1963.

Should I wear a bra to bed? ›

There's nothing wrong with wearing a bra while you sleep if that's what you're comfortable with. Sleeping in a bra will not make a girl's breasts perkier or prevent them from getting saggy. And it will not stop breasts from growing or cause breast cancer.

Is sleeping naked better for your health? ›

Ultimately, what you wear to sleep is a personal choice. “There's no proven benefit or harm to sleeping naked,” says Dr. Drerup.

How should I sleep to lose belly fat? ›

Sleeping on the left side is a good position for the digestive system, avoiding the accumulation of fat.

Why should we not sleep in evening? ›

Sleeping in evening might impact your schedules and cause unnecessary stress. Scientifically, this might lead to lethargy and hamper digestion. People who sleep during the evening can become obese and this can lead to many other ailments. Hence to avoid all these, avoid.

Is it OK to take a 2 hour nap everyday? ›

No harm in that, right? Napping, in general, isn't considered unhealthy. Taking brief naps under half an hour can bring about many benefits, such as reduced fatigue, increased alertness, improved mood and improved cognitive performance.

Is it good to sleep on your left side? ›

Sleeping on your left side can help naturally open the airways and make breathing easier. You may also find relief if you rest on your right side, but doctors believe sleeping on your left side to be more effective. It's also the recommended sleeping position for people with sleep apnea.

Is 10pm to 4am enough sleep? ›

On the question of 10 pm-4am being the most ideal time to be asleep, Dr Nangia says, "According to the circadian rhythm, there are certain hormones which are at their peak during the night.

How much sleep do 100 year olds need? ›

Some sleep experts suggest that seniors actually need less sleep than other age groups. Most people need between 7 and 9 hours of sleep whereas many seniors can get away with 7.5 hours. Other experts believe that seniors need just as much sleep as the rest of the population.

Why do old people sleep so much? ›

Around 20% of older people experience excessive daytime sleepiness, which may be a sign of an underlying health condition rather than merely old age. Excessive daytime sleepiness in older adults may be a symptom of health issues like sleep apnea, cognitive impairment, or cardiovascular issues.

Why should we not drink water after exercise? ›

In the case of those doing longer workouts of an hour or more, some carbohydrate containing drink may be more beneficial. However, drinking ice-cold water right after exercising may cause the digestive system and the internal organs to receive a shock, causing chronic pain in the stomach.

Do athletes drink coffee? ›

Most athletes get caffeine by drinking coffee; others consume caffeinated gels, chug Red Bull, or pop NoDoz pills. Because the amount of caffeine in coffee is so variable, some athletes prefer products with specified doses.

Should I drink water right after workout? ›

1. Drink water: After your workout, make sure you sip on some water. Drinking water after a workout helps in regulating your body temperature and also makes up for the fluid loss because of sweating. Drink water is an important part of your weight loss regime.

How do athletes sleep before a big game? ›

If the day of the game arrives and you are worried that you haven't slept enough the night before to perform at your best – you can plan a carefully timed nap. A 20 minute nap about two hours before your event should provide extra alertness just in time for you to hit the field.

Do athletes take naps? ›

Conclusion: Athletes may consider napping between 20 to 90 min in duration and between 13:00 and 16:00 hours. Finally, athletes should allow 30 min to reduce sleep inertia prior to training or competition to obtain better performance outcomes.

How much sleep do student athletes get? ›

In a survey of 189 UA student-athletes, Grandner and Athey found that 68 percent reported poor sleep quality, with 87 percent getting less than or equal to eight hours of sleep a night and 43 percent getting less than seven hours.

Do pros take rest days? ›

While it's true Olympic athletes do take occasional rest days, it's definitely not with the same frequency as non-athletes. Bustle reports that, for the most part, rest days depend on the athlete and their personal training schedule.

How many hours does it take to become an Olympian? ›

You have to love what you do in order to put in the roughly 10,000 hours of deliberate practice that Anders Ericsson's famous research indicates is needed to become an expert. But I think many different types of personalities can become successful Olympians.

How many hours a week do college athletes train? ›

Many student-athletes, however, reported that they practice at least 30 hours a week on average, with some sports reporting weekly practice commitments of more than 40 hours, according to a 2011 NCAA survey cited in the UNC lawsuit.

Is it better to workout at morning or night? ›

Muscle strength, flexibility, power output and endurance are all better in the evening than they are in the morning. Plus, people who exercise in the evening take up to 20% longer to reach the point of exhaustion.

How long should a workout last? ›

The ideal workout duration can vary significantly depending on the person, their goals, their preferences, and the exercise type. For weightlifting and bodyweight strength training, 45–60 minutes per session may suffice. Meanwhile, cardiovascular and calisthenic training may be better if performed for 30–60 minutes.

What athletes should not eat? ›

8 Foods Athletes Must Avoid
  • Limit Sports Drinks. ...
  • Avoid Soda. ...
  • Avoid Protein Bars & Energy Bars. ...
  • Avoid saturated & trans fat. ...
  • Limit Carbohydrates. ...
  • Limit Fiber. ...
  • Limit Caffeine. ...
  • Avoid alcohol.
3 Jun 2022

What drinks do athletes drink? ›

The best beverages for committed athletes
  • Water: Good old H2O can be fine for those exercising at a low intensity, or for a short duration (less than 45 minutes). ...
  • Sports drinks: A colourful combination of carbohydrates, electrolytes and water, sports drinks are ideal for fuelling muscles and rehydrating.

Why are athletes always hungry? ›

Another reason why endurance athletes feel increased levels of hunger, often of the insatiable variety, is because they're not eating enough in general and/or not refueling within a reasonable time period after a longer or harder effort.

How much sleep do Olympic athletes get? ›

This may come as a slight surprise, but Olympic athletes need seven to nine hours of sleep per night – about the same amount as an average person. The interest athletes and their trainers have taken in the effects of sleep has increased over the past few years.

How many hours of sleep do NBA players get? ›

The adrenaline rush from games, the chemical imbalance caused by the intensity of playing a professional sport, and the constant traveling all ruin a player's sleep cycle: someone who exerts themselves physically as strongly as an NBA player would be expected to get 8–9 hours of quality sleep — yet most NBA players ...

How much sleep does a 13 year old athlete need? ›

For your teen athlete, consider the following recommendations: Children between the ages of 6 and 12 need 9 to 12 hours of sleep each day. Teens between the ages of 13 and 18 need at least 8 to 10 hours of sleep each day.

How much sleep do college athletes need? ›

While seven hours is considered the minimum amount of sleep a typical adult should get, college students – especially highly active ones, like athletes – need at least eight to nine hours for optimal functioning, Grandner said in an interview.

What time do Olympians go to bed? ›

Sleep Schedule: “During competition and training, I made sure to get at least eight hours of sleep and more whenever possible. I typically went to bed around 9:30 or 10 p.m. and woke up around 7:30 a.m..

Is 7 hours of sleep enough? ›

But there's some good news — you may only need 7 hours of it. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) and the Sleep Research Society (SRS) have issued a new recommendation, saying seven is the magic sleep number for most healthy adults.

Why do athletes wake up so early? ›

The body heals during the “deep” sleep phase of the sleep cycle and when a young athlete falls asleep later at night and has to wake up earlier than their “body clock” wants them to they might not attain the “deep” sleep portion of their sleep cycle.

How many hours does Stephen Curry sleep? ›

Lebron James averages 12 hours of sleep per day and knows that “sleep is the most important thing when it comes to recovery.” Steph Curry prioritizes getting at least 8 hours of sleep and takes desensitizing flotation baths in order to improve recovery time and sleep quality.

How long do NBA players train a day? ›

Looking strictly at the NBA, professional basketball players will train for roughly three to four hours per day.

How long did Lebron sleep? ›

LeBron's dedication to sleep — getting upwards of 12 hours per day, which he noted again in the post-game press conference — is no secret, with multiple of his teammates over the years having joked that James is basically either sleeping or playing basketball.

What time should a 14 year old go to bed for school? ›

For teenagers, Kelley says that, generally speaking, 13- to 16-year-olds should be in bed by 11.30pm. However, our school system needs a radical overhaul to work with teenagers' biological clocks. “If you're 13 to 15 you should be in school at 10am, so that means you're waking up at 8am.

Do naps count as sleep? ›

Using naps to “top up” on sleep can be an effective means of increasing total sleep in a 24-hour period and has proven benefits for performance, efficiency, mood, and alertness, and can reduce fatigue and accidents.

How much water should athletes drink in a day? ›

On average, female athletes should consume about 16oz water bottles (~8.25) representing 4.0 liters for women. Male athletes should consume about 16oz water bottles (~11.7) representing 5.7 liters for men. Notably, most of us (athletes and non-athletes) would have a hard time drinking this much water every day.

What time do college athletes wake up? ›

A typical college student normally wakes up around 8 or 9 a.m., or even sometimes as late as 11 a.m., while most student-athletes are waking up for early morning practice around 5 a.m.

How do athletes sleep before a big game? ›

If the day of the game arrives and you are worried that you haven't slept enough the night before to perform at your best – you can plan a carefully timed nap. A 20 minute nap about two hours before your event should provide extra alertness just in time for you to hit the field.

How many hours before a game should I wake up? ›

"Eight to nine hours is ideal.

"Some people get nervous before a big match and might find that they can't sleep as well and that's perfectly acceptable.


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