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When should a child be taken for an x-ray?
In the diagnosis of diseases affecting the thoracic organs, in particular the lungs, in most cases the first form chosen is a radiographic image.
When should a child be taken for an x-ray?
It is important to note that in order to prevent unnecessary radiation exposure, we do not carry out strict X-ray examinations in childhood, but only with complaints and appropriate clinical indications.
X-rays are of great importance in the diagnosis of inflammation of the lungs and the lower respiratory tract. Pneumonia, also known as pneumonia, can be a serious disease that causes serious symptoms respiratory pain, coughing, hesitancy, and fever can call our attention. In the event of adequate clinical symptoms, a thorough medical examination can be performed without a close examination. However, there are also minor, more marked than usual symptoms, so-called atopic inflammation. Chest xenogenesis is necessary in all cases where diagnostic uncertainty is present or when the symptoms are not reduced by antibiotic treatment. With the help of imaging, you can get an idea of the extent of the disease without having to make a diagnosis, any eventualities (Pйldбul mellhбrtya-gyulladбs, chest folyadйk jelenlйte) and gyulladбs jellegйrхl that befolyбsolhatja antibiotic kezelйst is.Visszatйrх some cases, often ismйtlхdх lйgъti fertхzйsek esetйn importance of thorough tьdхgyуgyбszati йs radiolуgiai kivizsgбlбs that derнthet fйnyt a possible hбttйrben бllу krуnikus jellegы eltйrйsre .In planning and evaluating the exam, it is important to know that X-ray abnormalities follow clinical signs only after a delay. In case of pulmonary inflammation in the first 24 hours it is often not possible to make a herniated dislocation, and in the days following healing it is often "left behind" in case of lung cancer. If the patient is right after treatment and symptoms disappear, there is no need to confirm healing.
Diseases of the breast
One of the most important pancreatic malignancies for x-ray diagnosis is the lйgmellor pneumothorax. In this case, due to some kind of external or internal puncture, or sometimes during spontaneous cracking of the pleura, air is released between the two plates of the pleura; unilateral chest pain And not lightweight. Some parts of the flare tend to self-heal, but in some cases, the amount of trapped air in the pleural cavity is constantly increasing, which compresses the lungs and chest organs. Over time, this can lead to severe respiratory failure. An urgent medical examination, which in many cases involves x-ray diagnostics, is an important skill in case of a suspicion of flank.Chest fluid These can be the most common cause of childhood inflammation. In the case of pneumonia, chest fluid was seen when the inflammation spread from the lungs to the pleura. An X-ray exam is an easily identifiable abnormality, however, it is possible to detect the chest fluid by ultrasound itself, so this is the first time you have suspected chest fluids that you suspect.
Fortunately, compared to adults, we have a much lower incidence of malignancy compared to adults, and we need to be aware of the fact that cancers may occur in childhood. We must always think of cancer as a result of painless lymph node enlargement, recurrent febrile episodes, weight loss, anemia, or difficulty in breathing.
Kristel Meaning - Origin and Names
Origin of first name:
Meaning of the name:
Derived from the name Christine, the name Kristel comes from the Latin "christus". It is also derived from the Greek "kristos" which translates as "Messiah" or "sacred".
Kristel Philemon Charlotte Verbeke is a singer, actress and dancer of the K3 female group of Belgian and Dutch-speaking origin.
Celebrated on the same date as Kristel, St. Christina of Tire is the daughter of Urban, an influential figure of the Roman era. Converted to Christianity, she died as a martyr for refusing to renounce Christ. She is one of the patron saints of Palermo where her relics are preserved.
His character :
Kristel is a simple and natural woman who is down to earth. Full of life, active and emotional, she hates idleness. She has trouble stopping working and is able to adopt extremist behavior in the work. She puts a lot of effort into everything she does. Ambitious, she likes to take refuge in her work. Lacking self-confidence, she tends to doubt her decisions and lock herself in on herself. Nevertheless, it shows a frank and generous nature. Courageous and serious, she has every chance to succeed in life. Endowed with unreserved righteousness, she is used to doing things well. Generous and reliable, she gives a lot to those she loves. However, she cherishes freedom, independence, loneliness and tranquility.
Outside, Kristel seems elusive and inaccessible. In fact, she communicates badly and does not know how to express her emotions and feelings. Sensitive and sensitive, she is easily influenced. Great sentimental, she dreams of Prince Charming. She needs to love and be loved. She also seeks safety and needs to be reassured frequently.
Christa, Christelle, Kristen, Kirsten, Christina, Christella, Christela and Christiana.
His party :
The party dedicated to people bearing the name Kristel is scheduled for July 24th.
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Prenatal exercise movements
How fit and during pregnancy
adapt to your changing body shape and weight
it will be so easy. Prenatal
exercise movements at the same time allows you to give birth to your old body after birth a quick
also allows you to get together.
Our advice to make yourself comfortable
to continue your daily physical activity as long as you feel. Some
contrary to claims prenatal exercise
not harmful to the baby or even beneficial; also allows easy birth.
I need to exercise, prenatal
exerciseIf you ask me what I need to pay attention to,
We have prepared several suggestions: First look at yourself. your Pregnancy
keep in mind that you should slow down as you progress. More Than Yourself
try talking while exercising to see if you're tired. Breath
when you are out of breath, you cannot finish your sentences
you're tired. In this case, finish your exercise.
You did not engage in sports during the period before you became pregnant your prenatal exercises suddenly
Do not start with strenuous movements.
The main points you should pay attention to while doing:
Always warm up before starting exercise
do the exercises and then do relaxation exercises after exercise.
With daily periods prenatal exerciseRepeat. 30 minutes per day
walks can be ideal; but if this time is long for you,
Strenuous exercise, especially in hot weather
If you are going to the gym
make sure you are aware of your pregnancy and
Try to work with the instructor.
Moving your heavier body more easily
Try swimming, which is a sport you can have.
apply carefully and with the instructor… (horse riding, skiing, ice skating.)
Exercises to avoid during pregnancy
Especially after 16 weeks
Require position prenatal
exercisei don't try to do it.
It can cause you to get hit like kickbox
Do not participate in scuba diving activities.
Note that you are not yet prepared for conditions involving low pressure and the like.
2500 meters above sea level
Do not exercise.
During pregnancy birth
pre workoutto give you both a comfortable birth opportunity and
contributes to the healthy world of your baby. The important thing is that
Do not disrupt your exercise period, you and your baby's health
and when you feel tired and ill.
terminate the exercise and consult your doctor.
One of the biggest challenges for young parents? Baby colic. No wonder how little it evokes consternation, makes you face unpleasant feelings of powerlessness. It's sad to see the baby crying and how difficult it is to calm him down.
Baby colic is a popular topic. When a child is born, one of the more common questions is about her. When you confirm and say that the toddler has colic, you notice that the interlocutor is compassionate. However, when you are lucky and your daughter or son does not have a colic, a feeling of relief appears on the other side. Colic as such evokes strong emotions, brings back memories, makes the closest people try to advise and support themselves. If they have experience in this area, they know that when the colic passes, the weight falls from the heart, and parents can breathe a sigh of relief.
How to deal with baby colic? Can it be prevented?
Baby colic - what exactly is it?
Baby colic, despite the passage of many years and a lot of research on it, is still a mystery. This term is used for every healthy infant who cries at least 3 hours a day, 3 days a week, for more than 3 weeks.
Colic is characterized by the fact that it is very difficult to relieve her, you can have the impression that regardless of what the parent does, the child will cry anyway ... The fact of colic does not have a way of being born, type of feeding (breast or bottle), age mother or father.
In full-term children, baby colic usually begins around the second week of life. In almost every case colic problems end when the child is 3-4 months old. Children who had colic in infancy are no different from those who did not suffer from it.
What causes colic in an infant?
The reasons for the colic are not entirely known. It is believed that the characteristic crying in a baby can be caused by:
- not fully mature digestive system, prone to painful cramps,
- accumulating gases from crying, greedy food,
- the action of hormones that can cause a changing mood and stomach ache,
- hypersensitivity, excessive stimulation by light, noise,
- the immature child's nervous system,
- child's temperament.
Can colic be avoided?
Some sources say it is colic extremely rarely suffer babies born in a sling, a sling, all of them that can be on their hands for a long time. This theory says that swinging while walking and closeness to the parent allows the baby to survive the most difficult time, the so-called fourth trimester, which allows the shaping and specializing in the work of individual systems. It helps protect against excessive stimuli, calms and stimulates development.
It can also be helpful in avoiding colic massaging the baby, not only the tummy, but the whole body, to relax, avoid tension and improve the functioning of the whole body.
Are these really baby colic?
There is a pattern that makes almost every crying child we call "colic". It is worth noting that this is abuse.
Baby colic is a specific condition that is observed for a long time, is associated with considerable stimulation of the child and is difficult to relief.
Of course, this does not mean that we are not to try. As parents, we should test old and new ways of colic, but without tendency to blame ourselves and over-experiencing the situation (although it is undoubtedly difficult to keep a distance). Fortunately, every child grows out of colic ...
Motivate your child to learn
Many parents have problems with motivating their child to learn for school. There are several techniques you can use to motivate your child to learn for school, with fewer threats or protests from everyone.
The motivation of the child is very important for increasing self-confidence and for better school performance. Read on to find out how you can convince your child to learn.
Tips for motivating the child to study:
• First of all, you should never compare your child to someone else (schoolmate, neighbor, brother, sister, etc.). Each child is different and special and even if your intention is good and you try to encourage him to learn, you will do nothing but create some frustration.
• Tell him stories that will motivate him. Explain to them why they should learn and what they will use their acquired knowledge for. Give your child a reason to learn.
• Do not negotiate with your child and in no case "bribe" him. Many parents are in the habit of offering a consistent reward for the child if he / she learns, "You will get a bike if you get high grades." Even if this motivates your child to learn more, it is not the right approach. He needs to understand that he is learning for himself and not for anyone else.
• Be patient and remember that you are definitely a child and that it will last until the idea of learning diligently takes root. Remind them constantly of the importance of studies. Although you cannot force your child to study, you can assist him in his attempts.
• You should always use affirmative sentences to convince your child of the importance of studies. Do not yell or raise the tone and do not criticize when taking a low note. These things will make him have an aversion to learning.
• The learner does not just mean "homework". Allocate time for "study", not just for "homework".
• Try to make the study a daily routine. When there is a well-established routine, your child will protest less when it comes time for homework. Ask him to start studying every day at the same time.
• Allow him to choose his time, however, make sure that any time he chooses respects each day.
• Encourage your child to talk about problems at school. Talk to your child about what subjects he likes or dislikes, which ones he finds difficult, what problems he has at school. Leave the subject open and talk to him about these things whenever you can.
• To encourage your child, make sure that the learning environment is conducive to learning. Assign him a room with as few things as possible to distract him. If this is not possible due to space, at least try to keep his office very organized, clean and with as little as possible on it. The office chair must have a backrest to support the back.
• Do not open the TV when your child is trying to learn. You can stay with him if you want, reading a book or magazine.
• Praise him when he receives good grades and encourage him to study further. Don't praise him too much because he might become arrogant.
Also read How to make children read with pleasure and How to teach your child math in a fun way.
Just as other parts of your body might feel itchy from time to time, your nipples can get itchy, too — especially if you have dry skin or a sensitivity to a certain chemical. Persistent nipple itching, on the other hand, might have a more serious cause, such as eczema, yeast infection of the breast, or mastitis.What is Paget's disease of the nipple? ›
Paget's disease of the nipple, also known as Paget's disease of the breast, is a rare condition associated with breast cancer. It causes eczema-like changes to the skin of the nipple and the area of darker skin surrounding the nipple (areola). It's usually a sign of breast cancer in the tissue behind the nipple.Which disease of the breast presents with eczema-like lesion of the nipple areolar complex ?( 1 point? ›
Paget's disease of the breast is characterized by inflammatory, “eczema-like” changes of the nipple that may extend to involve the areola, which is the circular, darkened (pigmented) region of skin surrounding the nipple.Why are around my nipples itching like crazy? ›
Nipple itch is a common symptom of allergies, inflammation, or even physical irritation and is characterized by a tingling, irritation, or discomfort on the surface of the skin. It can occur in conditions that affect the nipple area itself or in association with more generalized conditions, such as hives or eczema.Can hormonal changes cause breast itching? ›
The breasts are quite responsive to estrogen levels because breast tissue has many estrogen-receptor sites. During menopause, the level of these hormones begins to change, and this can have an impact throughout the body—as well as in the breasts—causing breast tenderness, discomfort, and even itchiness.Can fibrocystic breast cause itching? ›
A common condition marked by benign (not cancer) changes in breast tissue. These changes may include irregular lumps or cysts, breast swelling or discomfort, sensitive nipples, and itching. These symptoms may change throughout the menstrual cycle and usually stop after menopause.What are the first symptoms of Paget's disease of the breast? ›
- Itching, tingling, or redness in the nipple and/or areola.
- Flaking, crusty, or thickened skin on or around the nipple.
- A flattened nipple.
- Discharge from the nipple that may be yellowish or bloody.
The cause of Paget's disease of bone is unknown. Scientists suspect a combination of environmental and genetic factors contribute to the disease. Several genes appear to be linked to getting the disease.How does Pagets disease of the nipple start? ›
The cause of Paget's disease of the nipple is unknown. Some women appear to be more at risk of developing breast cancer, but not specifically Paget's disease. There are no known causes that lead to a specific type of breast cancer.Can breast ultrasound detect Paget's disease? ›
Ultrasound is used not only to confirm the mammography findings in a case of Paget's disease, but also when the mammogram is negative. The findings on ultrasound include heterogeneous hypoechoic areas in breast parenchyma, presence of a discrete mass or dilated ducts.
You may not know you have Paget's disease because many people with the disease do not have symptoms. However, fractures or misshapen bones can develop and cause pain. Sometimes, this bone pain, which is the most common symptom of the disease, is mistaken for arthritis or other disorders.Is Paget's disease fatal? ›
In very rare cases, Paget's can turn into a life-threatening cancerous bone disease. Severe Paget's disease may cause damage to the heart.Is itching a symptom of perimenopause? ›
Some women may also experience changes to their skin, such as itchy skin. This condition is known medically as “pruritus.” Pruritus may occur during perimenopause and continue shortly after menopause. Perimenopause is the 8- to 10-year period before menopause.Why am I itchy around my breasts? ›
Breast itchiness without a rash has many possible causes, including dry skin or growing breasts due to puberty, weight gain, or pregnancy. In some cases, allergic reactions or other underlying conditions may be responsible for the itchiness.What hormone makes you itchy? ›
People may notice itchiness on their body, face, or genitals. Hormonal changes during menopause can cause a range of skin complaints, including hot flashes, sweating, and itchiness. This is because of the vital role the hormone estrogen plays in skin health.How do you get rid of fibroid cysts in your breast? ›
Treatment options for breast cysts include: Fine-needle aspiration. Your doctor uses a hair-thin needle to drain the fluid from the cyst. Removing fluid confirms that the lump is a breast cyst and, in effect, collapses it, relieving associated discomfort.Are fibrocystic breasts harmful? ›
Fibrocystic breast changes are benign and not harmful to the patient. However, it is very important than any growth in the breasts is evaluated immediately to determine if it is cancerous. Women with some kinds of fibrocystic breast changes are at higher risk of cancer.What does fibrocystic breasts look like? ›
Fibrocystic breast symptoms include:
Breast cysts that are round or oval in shape and easily moved. Breast pain or breast tenderness, especially around your period. Green or dark brown fluid discharge leaking from your nipple. Change in breast size or lumpiness that fluctuate in size with your menstrual cycle.
The key histopathological feature of Paget disease involveS the bone architecture and includes the three phases of the disease: mixed, osteolytic, and osteosclerotic. These phases may occur at the same time or separately.Is Paget's disease precancerous? ›
Paget's disease is a premalignant lesion like AIN, associated with other malignancies.
Paget disease of the breast is diagnosed by a biopsy, removing a small piece of the breast tissue and looking at it closely in the lab. In some cases, the entire nipple may be removed. Only a biopsy can show for sure that it is cancer.Is Paget's disease autoimmune? ›
Paget's disease of bone is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease that leads to an increase in bone reabsorption. While depression is extensively described in Paget's disease, affecting up to 50% of patients, the prevalence of manic episodes is unknown.How do you rule out Paget's disease? ›
- X-ray. This is the most common test that doctors use to diagnose the disease. ...
- Blood test. Your doctor may order a blood test to check for the enzyme alkaline phosphatase. ...
- Bone scan. A bone scan is a test that helps doctors identify which bones are affected by Paget's disease.
Paget's disease of the breast occurs most often after age 50. Most people with this diagnosis also have underlying ductal breast cancer, either in situ — meaning in its original place — or, less commonly, invasive breast cancer. Only rarely is Paget's disease of the breast confined to the nipple itself.Is Paget's disease of breast fatal? ›
In Paget's disease, there is no underlying breast malignancy or lymph node spread and the five-year survival is 92-94% [6,9].What stage is Paget's disease? ›
Paget's disease of the breast is early-stage breast cancer of the milk ducts that occurs in the nipple. It's sometimes accompanied by more invasive breast cancer. You may notice nipple changes such as crusting, flaking of the skin, discharge or a raw area that doesn't heal.How fast does Paget disease of the breast progress? ›
The skin lesions progress slowly over months as scaly, fissured, or oozing erythema of the nipple and areola. Advanced lesions may appear as well-demarcated, eczema-like plaques with a pink or red hue. Although uncommon, the surface may appear slightly infiltrated and erosive, oozing, scaly or crusted .Can a CT scan detect Paget's disease? ›
Because CT images generally provide superior cortical and trabecular detail in a cross-sectional display, CT conspicuously exhibits the classic findings of Paget disease that include osteolysis, trabecular coarsening, cortical thickening, and osseous expansion [32, 47] (Figs.Can a blood test detect Paget's disease? ›
Paget's disease of bone can be diagnosed with a blood test and an X-ray or scan.Can Paget's disease of the breast symptoms come and go? ›
In most cases, Paget's disease affects one breast, and the symptoms may come and go. This means symptoms may cycle through, appearing to improve and then worsen again. The symptoms may look similar to eczema or other such skin conditions.
Bone scan. This is the best test for diagnosing Paget's disease. You may have a bone scan of your whole body to find out which bones are affected.What is the first line treatment for Paget disease? ›
Osteoporosis drugs (bisphosphonates) are the most common treatment for Paget's disease of bone. Bisphosphonates are typically given by injection into a vein, but they can also be taken by mouth.What organs does Paget's disease affect? ›
Paget's disease of bone can affect 1 bone or several bones. Commonly affected areas include the pelvis, spine and skull.Does Paget's disease affect the brain? ›
Paget's disease of bone is associated with involvement of the central and peripheral nervous system. The brain, spinal cord, cauda equina, spinal roots, and cranial nerves can be affected in Paget's disease due to their anatomic relationship to bone.Can you live a long life with Paget's disease? ›
Paget's disease of the bone is a chronic (lifelong) condition but it's treatable. It often gets worse slowly over time if it isn't treated.Can Paget's disease of the nipple be cured? ›
Paget disease can be treated by removing the entire breast (mastectomy) or breast-conserving surgery (BCS) followed by whole-breast radiation therapy. If BCS is done, the entire nipple and areola area also needs to be removed.Can you survive Paget's disease of the nipple? ›
The prognosis of mammary Paget's disease depends on the presence or absence of an underlying carcinoma and the stage of the disease. It was reported that the 5-year recurrence-free survival is 75%–90% for those with DCIS and 63%–75% for those with invasive carcinoma.Is Paget's disease of the breast serious? ›
As Paget's disease of the nipple is usually a sign of breast cancer, it's very important you see your GP if you notice changes to the tissue or skin of your breast. In particular, you should tell your GP if you notice any changes to: the skin of your nipple or areola (the darker area of skin around the nipple)Is Paget's disease of the nipple curable? ›
Outlook / Prognosis
If you only have Paget's disease of the nipple or ductal carcinoma in situ (stage 0) that hasn't spread beyond the milk ducts, your prognosis is excellent. Most people who discover and treat these conditions early will make a full recovery.
Mammography plays an important role in the diagnosis and management of Paget's disease; however, it has its own limitations and may be normal in some cases (Fig. 2). The common mammographic findings are skin thickening in the nipple areolar region (Fig.
Overview. Paget's (PAJ-its) disease of the breast is a rare form of breast cancer. Paget's disease of the breast starts on the nipple and extends to the dark circle of skin (areola) around the nipple. Paget's disease of the breast isn't related to Paget's disease of the bone, a metabolic bone disease.Is Paget's disease an autoimmune disease? ›
Paget's disease of bone is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease that leads to an increase in bone reabsorption. While depression is extensively described in Paget's disease, affecting up to 50% of patients, the prevalence of manic episodes is unknown.How serious is Paget disease? ›
The disease may cause fractures, bowed legs, a curved spine or pinched nerves in the spine. Over time, enlarged or misshapen bones can stress nearby joints leading to osteoarthritis in those joints. In very rare cases, Paget's can turn into a life-threatening cancerous bone disease.Who is most likely to get Paget's disease? ›
Paget's disease most often affects older people, occurring in approximately 2 to 3% of the population over the age of 55. Many patients with Paget's disease have no symptoms at all and are unaware they have the disease until X-rays are taken for some other reason.Is Paget's disease permanent? ›
There's currently no cure for Paget's disease of bone, but treatment can help relieve the symptoms. If you do not have any symptoms, your doctor may suggest keeping an eye on your condition and delaying treatment until any problems occur.